URI not URL (it is deprecated)

I have been asked about this a few times, I had learned from Jim that it had been deprecated but thought it would be useful to provide the documentation to demonstrate it.

This apache doc gives a good summary :
http://labs.apache.org/webarch/uri/rfc/rfc3986.html#URLvsURN

Which points you to :
http://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc3305.txt

Basically URL is a subset of URI which

… in addition to identifying a resource, provide a means of locating the resource by describing its primary access mechanism (e.g., its network “location”)

.

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